Anxiety Disorders, Causes and Cure

By Shyamolima Dutta

Photo Courtesy: Everyday Health

Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental health disorders and needs to be dealt with in order to lead a stress free life. All of us face certain levels of anxiety on a regular basis yet when it starts to disrupt our routine lives, it becomes a threat.

The most common types of anxiety disorders are :

  • Generalised Anxiety Disorder : Worrying is uncontrollable upsetting and stressful for at least six months . A patient with GAD would worry about all sort of things and would expect the worst.
  • Post Traumatic stress disorder : PTSD occurs soon after a very traumatic event and is one of the worst sort of anxiety.
  • Obsessive Compulsive disorder : OCD comprises of obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours. Patients with OCD constantly seek reassurance.
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder : People with BDD dislike their part of body like skin, hair , nose, chest , or stomach. The flaw may be insignificant but a person with BDD perceives it as prominent and hence experience distress.
  • Phobia : Phobia is an illogical fear of a particular object or situation.
  • Health Anxiety : A person with health anxiety is preoccupied ith insignificant health concerns.
  • Panic Disorder : In a panic disorder, the client experiences a racing heartbeat, breathlessness and the like without any physical cause or event.
thecollegeview-300x214 Anxiety Disorders, Causes and Cure
Photo Courtesy: The College View

Causes of Anxiety disorder :

Past or childhood experiences : People who experience physical or emotional abuse, loss of parent, neglect, bullying or social exclusion can develop anxiety disorders.

Current life situation : A lot of stress , long working hours, facing financial issues, and unemployment can lead to the development of anxiety disorders.

Physical or mental problems : Physical and mental problems can lead to anxiety in an individual and cripple his/her daily activities.

Drugs and Medication : Taking a lot of drugs and medication can lead to the development of anxiety disorders.

Beating Anxiety :

Talking to someone you trust : Talking about your innermost feeling with a trustworthy individual can help in beating anxiety. It provides an emotional release and builds hope in the individual dealing with anxiety.

Managing worries : People with anxiety disorders tend to obsess about their worry . Hence they can set aside specific times in the day for worrying. This would give them a relief from the obsession.

Breathing exercises : Deep breathing exercises canhelp relieve anxiety symptoms by providing relief to the mind of the individual.

Maintaining a diary : Keeping a diary and jotting down thoughts can help identify negative thought patterns which can then be replaced by positive thought patterns.

Seeking Therapy : Going to a mental health professional is important since they are trained to provide therapy such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy which challenges negative self beliefs.

Anxiety disorders are treatable if handled in a right way along with a proper treatment plan.

[ The author is a Counselling Psychologist, based in Dehradun. She can be reached at this email id shyamolima.datta@gmail.com ]